Cleaning Do's and Don'ts: Common Mistakes to Avoid in Fabric Care

A Brief Importance of proper fabric care

Proper fabric care is essential for several reasons, such as following washing instructions and handling fabrics with care, which can significantly extend their lifespan. It is essential for preserving fabrics' appearance, longevity, and cleanliness, minimising environmental impact, and ensuring personal satisfaction. Investing a little time and effort in following care instructions can significantly enhance your fabric's durability, quality, and enjoyment.
What are the dos and Don'ts on how to dry clean clothes at home?
Dry cleaning clothes at home can be a convenient option, but it's important to follow certain do's and don'ts to ensure proper care and avoid damaging your garments.
Remember, home dry cleaning kits may not provide the same level of cleaning as professional dry cleaning. It's recommended to use professional dry cleaning services for valuable or delicate garments or for items that require special care or attention.

Cleaning Do's

1. Use the appropriate cleaning products

Using the appropriate cleaning products is an important "do" when cleaning. It's always a good idea to refer to the manufacturer's specific cleaning instructions for certain fabrics. Before using a cleaning product on the entire fabric, testing it in a small, inconspicuous area is a good practice. It ensures that the product doesn't cause any adverse effects, such as discolouration or damage to the fabric. Mild and Suitable cleaners are necessary for certain specific fabric types, so using harsh or abrasive cleaners should be avoided that can damage or weaken the fabric. Following certain do's with appropriate cleaning products for different fabrics can ensure effective cleaning while protecting the integrity and longevity of your fabric items.

2. Follow the care instructions on the label.

To maintain the quality, appearance and longevity of your fabrics, you should follow the care instructions on the label as it is an important cleaning "do." Care labels provide specific guidance on cleaning and caring for a particular garment or fabric. These cleanings should always be considered to minimise the risk of damage. Before washing the garments, you should always separate your laundry into different piles based on colour, fabric type, and washing instructions. It helps prevent colour bleeding and damage to delicate fabrics. Also, Choosing a detergent suitable such as mild or heavy-duty is necessary depending on the fabric type and level of soiling.

3. Test for colourfastness before washing

Testing for colourfastness is an important step before washing any garment to help maintain your garments' quality, appearance, and longevity. Especially if it's the first time you're cleaning it or if the fabric is known to be prone to colour bleeding. Sort your laundry by colour and fabric type to prevent colour bleeding and damage. Separate whites, dark colours, and delicates to avoid discolouration or damage during washing. Reading and following the care labels,pre-treating the stains using a suitable detergent, and the right water temperature are very important to maintain your fabrics' quality, colour and longevity.

4. Separate laundry by colour and fabric type

To ensure your clothes are cleaned while preserving their quality and appearance, separate laundry by colour and fabric type. The common and important practice to ensure optimal cleaning results is to sort your laundry into separate piles based on colour. Washing whites, lights, and darks separately helps prevent colour bleeding and keeps your clothes looking fresh. It is especially crucial when washing new or brightly coloured items that may release dye. It would be best to separate your laundry based on fabric type, such as separating delicate items from regular clothing. Delicate fabrics like silk, lace, or wool require gentler care, so washing them separately or using special care settings on your washing machine is best. Checking the care label for specific instructions like water temperature, drying or ironing methods, and the detergent type to be used is also important.

5. Clean stains promptly

Cleaning stains is an important "do" when maintaining and caring for your garments. You can effectively remove stains, preserve the quality of your garments, and prolong their lifespan if you follow the recommended care instructions that specify the washing, drying, and ironing methods to follow. Different fabrics and garments may have specific requirements that should be followed for optimal cleaning

6. Use gentle, non-abrasive cleaning methods

Using gentle and non-abrasive cleaning methods is important to protect the quality and life of the fabrics. While cleaning fabrics, following certain gentle and non-abrasive cleaning methods can help preserve your fabrics' quality, appearance, and longevity. For valuable or delicate fabrics or those with tough stains or specialised care requirements, it's best to seek professional cleaning services. Professional cleaners have the expertise and the required equipment to handle such fabrics carefully.

Cleaning Don'ts

1. Don't use hot water on delicate fabrics

Using hot water on delicate fabrics is a common mistake to avoid. Here are some cleaning don'ts to keep in mind. Hot water can cause delicate fabrics like silk, wool, lace, or certain synthetic materials to shrink, lose shape, or become damaged. You should always check the care label and use the appropriate water temperature recommended for the fabric. By avoiding hot water, you can protect your fabrics from damage and ensure they remain in good condition for longer. You should always read and follow the care instructions specific to each fabric to maintain its quality and longevity.

2. Don't overload the washing machine.

Overloading the washing machine can negatively affect the cleaning process and the condition of the fabrics. Balancing convenience with proper care is essential to achieve the best cleaning results. It would be best to avoid overloading the washing machine to ensure proper cleaning, minimise fabric damage, and help maintain the longevity and quality of your garments. You should also avoid cramming too many garments into the washing machine simultaneously. Overloading the machine can hinder the cleaning process as water, detergent, and agitation may not be able to reach and clean the fabrics properly.

3. Don't use too much detergent.

Using too much detergent can have negative effects on fabrics. You should avoid using excessive amounts of detergent when cleaning fabrics. More detergent doesn't necessarily mean better cleaning and can leave residue on the fabric, leading to dullness, stiffness, or's important to use proper judgment and follow the specific care instructions for each fabric. When in doubt, consult the garment's care label or seek professional advice for the best cleaning approach.

4. Don't use bleach on coloured fabrics

Bleach is a strong chemical that can cause colour fading or damage coloured fabrics. Using bleach on coloured fabrics is a cleaning, don't. It is best to avoid using bleach on coloured garments to preserve their original colour and prevent discolouration. By keeping these cleaning don'ts in mind, you can help preserve your fabrics' quality, appearance, and lifespan while minimising the risk of damage or discolouration.

5. Don't iron clothes that are still damp

It is generally not advisable to iron clothes that are still damp. High heat settings, especially for delicate fabrics, can cause shrinkage, distortion, or damage to the fabric. Select the appropriate ironing settings according to the fabric's care instructions. By avoiding these cleaning don't, you can help protect your fabrics from unnecessary damage and maintain their quality and longevity.

6. Don't ignore stains or leave them to set in.

Ignoring stains or leaving them to set in can make them more difficult to remove and may cause permanent damage to the fabric. It would help to act promptly when you notice a stain on a fabric. The more you wait, the more time the stain has to set into the fabric fibres, making it harder to remove. If you avoid these common cleaning mistakes and take proactive steps to treat stains promptly, you can increase the chances of successfully removing stains and preserving the quality of your fabrics.

List of Fabrics which needs Specific Cleaning Tips

1. Cotton

  • Fabric Care For Handwoven Cotton

Handwoven cotton fabrics require special care to maintain quality, appearance, and longevity. Always refer to the care instructions provided with the specific handwoven cotton fabric, as some variations in weave or dye may require slight adjustments in the care routine. Following these fabric care tips will help preserve the beauty and integrity of your handwoven cotton pieces.

Cotton Fabric


  • Properties

Handwoven cotton possesses several distinctive properties that make it a popular choice for clothing, home textiles, and other fabric items. The properties like softness, breathability, durability, versatility and others make handwoven cotton a superior choice for clothing or home decor. It collectively contributes to the popularity and versatility of cotton fabrics. Due to its comfort, durability, and aesthetic appeal, they make handwoven cotton a preferred choice for various applications, ranging from everyday clothing to home textiles.


  • Shrinkage

It is a natural characteristic of cotton fibres to shrink. Handwoven fabrics may have variations in shrinkage, as individual artisans often make them. Therefore, testing a small sample or consulting the weaver or fabric supplier for specific care instructions or recommendations for minimising shrinkage in handwoven cotton fabrics is advisable.


  • Laundering

Laundering handwoven cotton fabrics requires special care to maintain their quality and integrity. It's essential to refer to any specific care instructions provided by the weaver or fabric supplier, as handwoven cotton fabrics may have unique characteristics or requirements. Factors such as the fabric's dyes or patterns may also influence the recommended care instructions. When in doubt, it's best to consult the weaver or a knowledgeable professional for guidance on caring for your specific handwoven cotton fabric.


  • Ironing

Ironing handwoven fabrics requires special care to preserve their unique texture and appearance. You should check the Fabric's Suitability and care instructions provided by the weaver or fabric manufacturer for any specific ironing recommendations. It helps to ensure that the handwoven fabric is suitable for ironing. Some delicate or intricate weaves may not be suitable for direct ironing, as they can be easily damaged. Check the care instructions properly.

2. Silk

  • Fabric Care For Handwoven Silk

Silk is a natural luxury fabric where o any care instructions provided by the manufacturer for specific recommendations for your particular silk fabric should be followed. It is always recommended to handwash handwoven silk using mild silk detergent and lukewarm water to prevent any damage or distortion to the fabric. Avoid hanging silk fabric as it may stretch, and lay it flat to dry on a clean, dry surface away from direct sunlight. It should also be stored in a folded, breathable bag in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight for its longevity and radiance.

silk fabric

  • Properties

Silk is the strongest natural fibre silkworms produce, specifically the larvae of certain moths, such as the Bombyx mori.It is popular for its smooth and lustrous appearance and is strong and durable, with high tensile strength. Silk is a lightweight, breathable fabric with a naturally flowing drape that makes it comfortable to wear. Additionally, silk is highly desirable for various applications, including clothing, bedding, accessories, and even medical and industrial uses.

  • Laundering

Silk is a delicate and sensitive material; special care is required for its laundering to avoid damaging its natural lustre and texture. It is a delicate process of cleaning silk fabric to remove dirt, stains, or odours. Since. It is always recommended to check the care label on your silk garment and follow the manufacturer's instructions. Also, it's best to consult a professional cleaner specialising in silk laundering when in doubt.


  • Ironing

Ironing silk requires caution and care. A low-temperature setting and a pressing cloth are required to protect the fabric. Avoid excessive heat to prevent damage.


3. Wool

  • Fabric Care For Handwoven Wool

Handwoven wool requires mild wool detergent, avoiding twisting or wringing. It is always recommended to check the care instructions provided by the weaver or manufacturer, as specific recommendations may vary depending on the type of wool used in the fabric. It should be stored properly in a cool, dry place using moth repellents and away from direct sunlight to prevent fading and moth damage.

 Wool Fabric

  • Properties

Wool is a naturally breathable and odour-resistant fibre known for its warmth and insulation properties. It has excellent moisture-wicking capabilities and is resistant to wrinkling. Wool is also durable, flame-resistant, and provides natural UV protection. Additionally, It can absorb moisture without feeling damp and has a natural elasticity, which allows it to retain its shape well.


  • Shrinkage

Handwashing handwoven wool or using a gentle cycle with cold water is advisable as it is prone to shrinking when exposed to heat and agitation. Shrinkage can be prevented by avoiding hot water or high dryer temperatures. Reshape and lay flat to dry to maintain the garment's original size and shape.


  • Laundering

Wool should be laundered carefully, following the care instructions for specific guidance. Generally, handwashing or using the delicate cycle with cold water and a mild detergent is recommended. Avoid agitation and wringing to prevent stretching and felting. You should gently squeeze out excess water and lay flat to dry.


  • Ironing

Wool is sensitive to heat and can shrink or become distorted, so It's generally not recommended to iron wool directly. Use a steamer or a pressing cloth to remove wrinkles from wool garments gently. Alternatively, hang them in a steamy bathroom to allow the wrinkles to release naturally.

Advantages of taking professional fabric care

Professional fabric care requires expertise, specialised equipment, convenience, and garment preservation, ensuring that your fabrics and garments receive the best care possible. Such fabric care providers have extensive knowledge and experience in handling different types of fabrics and garments, as they understand the specific requirements of each fabric and can apply appropriate cleaning methods to ensure optimal results.

Prioritise fabric care to extend the life of your clothes.

By prioritising fabric care and following the guidelines provided by the manufacturer, such as cleaning and washing techniques, detergent type and others, you can extend the lifespan of your clothes, keep them looking good, and save money by reducing the need for frequent replacements.


1. Why is it important to follow fabric care instructions?

Following fabric care instructions is important to maintain fabric integrity, prevent damage, preserve the appearance, extend garment longevity, comply with warranties, address special fabric considerations, and promote environmental sustainability. It's a simple yet effective way to ensure your clothes look their best and last longer.

2. Can I use the same washing method for all fabrics?

It is not advisable to use the same washing method for all fabrics. Different fabrics have unique characteristics and care requirements, and using the same washing method for all fabrics can lead to damage or improper cleaning.

3. How can I remove stains from my clothes?

In cases where stains may be stubborn or require specialised treatment, it is suggested to consult a professional cleaner or follow specific stain removal techniques based on the type of stain and fabric.

4. Should I use fabric softener?

Fabric softeners are designed to provide various benefits to your laundry, such as making clothes feel softer, reducing static cling, and adding a pleasant scent. The decision to use fabric softener depends on your personal preferences and the specific fabrics you're washing.

5. Can I iron all the fabrics?

Different fabrics have varying heat tolerance and ironing requirements. So, you cannot iron all fabrics using the same temperature or ironing method. Reading and following the care instructions is advisable before ironing your cloth.

6. What Should I Do If My Clothes Shrink After Washing?

Some fabrics tend to shrink naturally, especially if they are made from natural fibres like cotton or wool. Taking proper care and following the recommended care instructions can help minimise the risk of shrinkage.