An Introduction to the Finest And Exclusive Ikat Fabric- Its Weaving Process And Features

India is the home to exclusive fabrics and textiles that come with different patterns, textures, hues, and designs. All these have enriched the textile industry of India and made it famous across the globe. Ikat fabrics is one of the handwoven and traditional fabrics known for its unmatched elegance, versatility, and ethnic look.

Making this fabric is an intense and intricate process that can amaze you. The technique of making Ikat was derived from an ancient artwork which is called Mengikat. The meaning of this word is to tie which indicates the process. Let’s know about Ikat, a special fabric in this blog.

Black And Off White Abstract Cotton Ikat Fabric

The process of making Ikat

The fabrics used to make Ikats are cotton and silk. The process which is followed to produce Ikat is known as resist dyeing. the threads such as warps and weft are woven in such a way that the colours never get mixed with each other. After that, the threads are fastened on a wooden frame for dyeing. This process is followed by a very intricate and labour intense weaving technique that helps the yarns to get converted into premium and finest quality Ikat fabric.

Natural plant-based colours are used while dyeing the fabric and at last, Ikat appears with soothing texture, appealing colours, and unique patterns. Since the fabric is designed with vertical symmetry, it looks like similar patterned on each side.

The characteristic features of Ikat fabric

A special dyeing technique has given birth to Ikat which stands out of all for its design, pattern, and elegant look. The characteristics of this fabric lie in its apparent blurriness and the unique design of the surface. The blurriness of this fabric is the effect of the dyed yarns which are lined up to make the patterns appear beautifully and perfectly on the cloth.

However, this blurriness can be decreased by using finer quality yarns, or else, the skilled craftsmen are able to do it. But, do you know that blurriness of Ikat makes it different from other fabrics? Little blurry Ikat fabrics which are available with numerous colours, designs, and patterns are more expensive than other clothing materials. Now, let’s come to know about the different types of Ikat fabrics.

Black And White Ikat Design Rayon Fabric

Introducing the different types of Ikat fabric

Type of Ikat


Warp Ikat

In this type of ikat, the warp threads are tied and dyed before weaving. This creates a pattern that runs vertically down the fabric.

Weft Ikat

In this type of ikat, the weft threads are tied and dyed before weaving. This creates a pattern that runs horizontally across the fabric.

Double Ikat

In this type of ikat, both the warp and weft threads are tied and dyed before weaving. This creates a pattern that is visible on both sides of the fabric.

Patola Ikat

A unique variation of double ikat from India, where multiple layers of tied and dyed warp and weft threads are used to create intricate geometric designs.

Ikat Fabric in Different Cultures

  1. Ikat is a popular fabric in many cultures around the world, including Indonesia, India, Japan, and Central and South America.
  2. In Indonesia, ikat is known as "ikat celup" or "tie-dye". It is used to make traditional clothing, such as sarongs and kebaya (blouses).
  3. In India, ikat is known as "patola" and is used to make intricate sarees and scarves. It is also used in home decor, such as cushion covers and tablecloths.
  4. In Japan, ikat is known as "kasuri" and is used to make kimonos and other traditional clothing.
  5. In Central and South America, ikat is known as "jaspé" or "jaspeado" and is used to make ponchos, blankets, and other textiles.
  6. Each culture has its own unique style and designs for ikat fabric, often reflecting local traditions and customs.

Caring for Ikat Fabric

  • Ikat fabric is often made from delicate fibers, such as silk or cotton, and requires gentle care to maintain its quality and vibrancy.
  • It is recommended to hand wash ikat fabric in cold water using a mild detergent to avoid damaging the fibers.
  • Do not wring or twist the fabric, as this can cause the colors to bleed and damage the fibers. Instead, gently squeeze out excess water and lay the fabric flat to dry.
  • Avoid using bleach or harsh chemicals on ikat fabric, as this can cause the colors to fade and the fibers to weaken.
  • When storing ikat fabric, avoid exposure to direct sunlight or damp areas, as this can cause the colors to fade and mold to grow.
  • It is also recommended to store ikat fabric folded, rather than hanging, to avoid stretching or distorting the fabric.

Key takeaway

So, isn’t Ikat an exclusive fabric? Think once and buy the premium quality Ikat to experience the authentic design, texture, and pattern. To buy the finest quality Ikat, place your order at Sahni Fabrics. Visit their website now and purchase with attractive deals.